North Korea fires missiles, three reach Japan waters

North Korea’s Taepodong-class missiles have an estimated range of 2,500 kilometres but Pyongyang has ambitions to develop an ICBM capable of reaching the US mainland

Nuclear-armed North Korea launched four ballistic missiles on Monday in another challenge to President Donald Trump, with three landing provocatively close to America’s ally Japan.

Seoul and Washington began annual joint military exercises last week that always infuriate Pyongyang, with the North’s military warning of “merciless nuclear counter-action”.

Under leader Kim Jong-Un, Pyongyang has ambitions to develop an intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM) capable of reaching the US mainland — which Trump has vowed will not happen.

Seoul said four missiles were fired from Tongchang County, North Pyongan province into the East Sea — its name for the Sea of Japan.

North Korea missile launch

The missiles travelled around 1,000 kilometres (620 miles) and reached an altitude of 260 kilometres, said a spokesman for South Korea’s Joint Chiefs of Staff, adding they were unlikely to be ICBMs.

Regional and world powers lined up to condemn the launches.

Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe said three of the North Korean missiles came down in Tokyo’s Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) — waters extending 200 nautical miles (370 kilometres) from its coast.

“This clearly shows North Korea has entered a new stage of threat,” Abe told parliament.

The North’s repeated launches “clearly violate UN Security Council resolutions”, he said. “We can never tolerate this.”

North Korean leader Kim Jong-Un (centre) has been in power since 2011

Pyongyang carried out two atomic tests and a series of missile launches last year, but Monday was only the second time its devices had entered Japan’s EEZ.

After an emergency meeting of South Korea’s National Security Council, acting president Hwang Kyo-Ahn called the North’s nuclear and missile provocations “immediate and real threats” to his country.

– ‘Big, big problem’ –

“Considering the North Korean leadership’s brutality and recklessness shown through the murder of Kim Jong-Nam, the results of the North having a nuclear weapon in its hands will be gruesome beyond imagination,” he said.

Seoul has blamed Pyongyang for the killing of the half-brother of the North’s leader by two women using VX nerve agent at Kuala Lumpur’s international airport last month.

A Japanese soldier stands guard near a PAC-3 missile launcher — which is used to engage incoming ballistic missile threats — outside the Defence Ministry in Tokyo, on March 6, 2017
Hwang called for “swift deployment” of a US missile defence system, THAAD, a proposal which has infuriated neighbouring China, the North’s key diplomatic protector and main provider of trade and aid.

In Washington, the State Department condemned the launches, saying the US was ready to “use the full range of capabilities at our disposal against this growing threat”.

“We remain prepared — and will continue to take steps to increase our readiness — to defend ourselves and our allies from attack,” acting spokesman Mark Toner said in a statement.

Monday’s launch came ahead of a trip to Japan, China and South Korea by new US Secretary of State Rex Tillerson this month, pointed out Dongguk University professor Kim Yong-Hyun.

The plan by Washington and Seoul to install the Terminal High Altitude Area Defense (THAAD) missile system is in response to threats from North Korea, but has angered China which fears it will undermine its own ballistic capabilities
Pyongyang was “trying to send a message early on in Trump’s term that North Korea will not be dragged around by his administration”, he said.

The North is barred under UN resolutions from any use of ballistic missile technology.

But six sets of UN sanctions since Pyongyang’s first nuclear test in 2006 have failed to halt its drive for what it insists are defensive weapons.

Three years ago, Barack Obama ordered the Pentagon to increase cyber attacks against North Korea to try to sabotage its missiles before launch or just as they lift off, the New York Times reported at the weekend.

Several of the North’s devices have failed soon after launch.

Seoul and Washington hold annual military exercises, which in 2016 involved 300,000 South Korean and around 17,000 US troops

Kim Dong-Yup, an analyst at the Institute for Far Eastern Studies at Kyungnam University, noted that unlike previous launches the three missiles that reached Japan’s EEZ were fired in different directions.

“North Korea may have attempted to show it can strike US bases in Japan simultaneously,” he said.

– ‘Exercise restraint’ –

Trump has described the North as a “big, big problem” and vowed to deal with the issue “very strongly”.

Monday’s missile firings were unlikely to be testing a newly developed device but were aimed instead at protesting the military drills in the South, analysts said.

Seoul and Washington launched the annual Foal Eagle exercises last week, with the North’s military warning a day later of “merciless nuclear counter-action” against enemy forces.

North Korea has regularly taken action to protest against the drills, firing seven ballistic missiles during the exercises last year.

Beijing has become increasingly frustrated with Pyongyang’s nuclear and missile activities, and last month announced a suspension of all coal imports from the North until the end of the year — a crucial source of foreign currency.

China’s foreign ministry said it remained opposed to missile launches by the North that violate UN resolutions, but also voiced concerns about the military exercises, with spokesman Geng Shuang telling a briefing: “Relevant parties should exercise restraint and avoid anything that would provoke each other.”

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